The prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was the bravest of people and had the most firm heart, and no other creature could matche him in his self-control and strength of heart and body.

he was uniquely brave and the traits of bravery and courage reached perfection in him.

he was not only the bravest on the battlefields and in fighting, but he possessed moral bravery as well which clearly appeared when he conversed with and addressed the prominent figures of his society at a very tender age before allaah the almighty honored him with receiving revelation.

His bravery was also practically manifested when he openly declared the truth and never feared the rebuke of anyone for the sake of allaah the almighty.

Additionally, he would publicly declare his hatred of the false idols of his people, and belittle them without paying attention to their anger or denunciation. [abu nu‘aym in dalaa’il an- nubuwwah, ibn sa‘d in at-tabaqaat, ibn katheer in as-seerah an-nabawiyyah and al-albaani in saheeh sunan at-tirmithi]

When allaah the almighty honored him by receiving revelation, he declared the call of islam publicly with unique bravery despite people’s severe assaults, harm and threats.

Just like his moral bravery, his bravery in fighting also appeared plainly at a tender age. he participated with his tribe in the war of al-fijaar, protecting them from the arrows of their enemies whenever they shot them.

After he received the revelation and allaah the almighty permitted him to fight in his cause, jihaad was ordained and he gave the best example in bravery on the battlefield. brave heroes would flee when they faced him in battle while he was as firm as the mountains, always advancing, never retreating or yeilding. he was the only brave man about whom no single incident of fleeing the battlefield or losing a duel was recorded. it was narrated that the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "by him in whose hands my life is, were it not for some men among the believers who dislike to be left behind me and for whom i cannot provide with means of conveyance, i would certainly never remain behind any sariyyah (army-unit) setting out in the cause of allaah. by him in whose hands my life is, i would love to be killed in the cause of allaah and then live and then be killed, and then live and then be killed and then live and then be killed.” [al-bukhaari and muslim]

In the battle of badr, he, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, led the battle himself and experienced death with his honorable soul. His face was wounded, his lower right incisor was broken, [al-bukhaari and muslim] and seventy of his companions were killed, yet he never weakened or faltered.

He never feared threats, tough situations, or crises. he put his full trust in his lord and depended on him. he accepted the decrees of his lord, was satisfied with his cupport and trusted in his promise. it was narrated that anas, may allaah be pleased with him, said, “the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was the best, the most generous and the bravest of people.” [al- bukhaari and muslim]

It was also narrated that ‘abdullaah ibn ‘umar, may allaah be pleased with him and his father, said, “I have never seen someone who is braver, more generous, more courageous, more radiant or more handsome than the messenger of allaah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.” [ad-daarimi]

The prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, fearlessly engaged in fighting, exposing himself to great danger and offering himself to death. he never ran away from the battlefield and never took a single step backwards. when the fighting became heated, swords were brandished, spears were poised, heads were falling and the cup of death was going round, he, at these moments, would be the nearest to danger and his companions would shield themselves behind him.

He never paid heed to the number of his enemies no matter how numerous or powerful they were. rather, he would straighten the rows of the soldiers, encourage them, and be at the front of the battalions.

It was narrated that al-baraa’, may allaah be pleased with him, said describing the bravery of the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, “when the battle grew fierce, we, by allaah, would seek protection behind him, and the bravest among us was the one who would be next to him in battle.” [Muslim]

Moreover, the brave warrior and renowned hero, ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib, may allaah be pleased with him, said describing the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, “when the battle grew fierce between the two sides, we used to resort to the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, for succor. he was always the closest to the enemy.” [Ahmad]

On the day of hunayn, the muslims retreated towards the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, while he was riding his white mule and his uncle al-‘abbaas was holding its reins, endeavoring to make it slow down. the enemy gathered around him, but he did not flee. rather,

He dismounted while saying loudly: “I am the prophet, and this is no lie; i am the son of ‘Abdul Muttalib.” [Al-bukhaari and Muslim] it is as if he was challenging them and telling them where he was.

His chest was exposed to swords and spears. Heroes were falling and fighters were slain before his eyes, yet he remained steadfast and firm. such was the unparalleled and matchless bravery of the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. in fact, it was an ideal example of bravery for all people to learn.

The prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was quick at facing danger. one night, the people of Madeenah heard a strange noise which frightened them. some people set forth in the direction of the sound when they saw the messenger of allaah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, already on his way back after having investigated the source of the noise. he was riding an unsaddled horse belonging to Abu talhah, may Allaah be pleased with him, and a sword was hanging around his neck, and he was saying: "do not be afraid! do not be afraid!" [Al-bukhaari and Muslim]

What courage! the prophet, sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, went out alone to face potential danger before any one else moved, which is a difficult thing to do, even for the brave.

In the battle of al-khandaq (trench), the confederates gathered together from everywhere against the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

Muslims were besieged and found themselves in a stressful predicament. the hearts reached the throats from intense fear and terror. the believers were shaken mightily.

The prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, kept on praying and invoking his lord, seeking his help until allaah the almighty gave him victory by sending angels and an intensely cold wind against the confederates, and so they departed, humiliated and defeated.

As a matter of fact, all of the battles of the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, that were recorded in history and authentic narrations described his bravery and chivalry in fighting the disbelievers, polytheists and jews – of which we have only mentioned a few – and they act as clear-cut evidence of the courage and the bravery of the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam.

He, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, never feared the rebuke of anyone for the sake of allaah the almighty. he, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, never feared anyone other than allaah the almighty. he sacrificed his soul and spent his wealth for the sake of raising high the word of allaah the almighty (to make people worship allaah the almighty alone) and to establish the truth and abolish falsehood.

Thus, allaah the almighty made him realize what he aimed and strived for. he made him victorious, honored him and made his religion dominant over all other religions.

In fact, if bravery is ever mentioned, then mentioning the example of the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is a must. if courage and heroism are mentioned, then mentioning the example of the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, is an obligation.

The prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was also given great physical strength: his strength equaled that of thirty men.

It was narrated that the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, would visit all his wives in a round during the day and night and they were eleven in number. anas, may allaah be pleased with him, was asked, "had the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, the strength for it?" he replied, "we would say that the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was given the strength of thirty (men)." [al-bukhaari and muslim]

Rukaanah, may allaah be pleased with him, who was a skillful wrestler and was never defeated before he met the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said that once the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, met him in one of the mountain paths of makkah, whereupon he said to him:

"oRukaanah, will you not fear allaah and accept what i am calling you to?" rukaanah replied, "if you can prove that you are a true messenger, i will follow you." so the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: "what would you say if i wrestle you down? will that make you believe that i am a true prophet?" the man replied, "yes." then the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “come on, i will wrestle you.” the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, wrestled him and defeated him.

rukaanah, may allaah be pleased with him, was astonished, and so he asked the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, for a rematch. so they had a rematch where the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, defeated him again. rukaanah was astonished and said, "o muhammad, by allaah, this is really amazing! did you really wrestle me to the ground?"4 the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, defeated him thrice and every time for a hundred sheep.

At the third time, rukaanah said, “no one has been able to wrestle me to the ground except you and you were the most hateful person to me. i bear witness that there is nothing worthy of worship except allaah and that you are his messenger. the messenger of allaah let go of him and gave him back his sheep.” [ibn katheer in as-seerah an-nabawiyyah]

The bravery and great power of the prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, was never the bravery of rashness nor the power of violence. rather, it was bravery controlled by reason and power combined with mercy. he never used them except in fighting in the cause of allaah the almighty.

The messenger of allaah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, never beat anyone with his hand, neither a woman nor a servant, unless in the case when he would be fighting in the cause of allaah the almighty.

It was narrated that ‘aa’ishah, may allaah be pleased with her, said, “he, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, never took revenge for his own sake but (he did) only when the sanctities of allaah the almighty were violated in which case he would take revenge for the sake of allaah the almighty.” [al-bukhaari and muslim]

She, may allaah be pleased with her, also said, “the messenger of allaah, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, never beat a servant or a woman, and he never beat anyone with his hand, except when he was fighting in the cause of allaah the almighty.” [al-bukhaari and muslim]

Allaah the almighty, the most truthful says (what means) describing him: {and indeed, you are of a great moral character.} [quran 68:4]

In spite of his office of Prophethood, Muhammad was a very  amiable and pleasant person With all the severity and seriousness of his function, his company was neither boring nor dull and uninteresting, like that of ordinary religious leaders, but was full of pleasant and delightful humour. He often joked with his companions and laughed with them. Abdullah ibn Al-Harith bin Jaz said that he had seen no one more pleasant and smiling than Muhammad. It is reported by Abu Hurairah that Muhammad used to mix with them on familiar terms, even to the extent of enjoying light jokes with them. Some companions asked him, "God's Messenger ! Do you make jokes with us?" He replied, "I speak nothing but the Truth." (Tirmizi) Anas reported that once a man asked Muhammad for an animal to ride. He replied that he would give him the baby of a she-camel to ride on. The man asked what would he do with a she-camel baby. Muhammad replied, "Is there any camel which is not born of a she-camel?" He also reported that once the Prophet addressed him as, "O you with two ears," (meaning very obedient). (Tirmizi and Abu Daud). Anas also reported that the Prophet often joked and laughed with them. Once he asked his younger brother, who was grieved at the death of his little bird', "Abu Umair, what has happened to your little sparrow (nughair)" He also said that an old woman came to see the Prophet and asked him to pray for her that she might go to Paradise. He replied, "No old woman will enter Paradise!" She was very grieved end began crying. Muhammad told his companions to tell her that the old woman would go to Paradise but as a young girl. Auf ibn Malik al-Ashjai reported that he went to God's Messenger at the expedition of Tabuk, when he was sitting in a small tent, and gave a salutation. He resumed it, saying, "Come in." I replied, "The whole of me, God's Messenger?" He replied, "The whole of you," so I went in. 

Anas said that a man from the desert called Zahir ibn Haroun used to bring presents to the Prophet from the desert and God's Messenger would prepare for him what he needed when he intended to depart. The Prophet used to say that Zahir was his desert man and he was his townsman. The Prophet liked him though he was an ugly man. One day the Prophet went to him when he was selling his goods and embraced him from behind. He could not see who it was, so he said, "Let me go, who is this?" But when he turned round and saw the Prophet, he kept his back close against the Prophet's chest. Then the Prophet begun to say, "Who will buy a slave?" He said, "O God's Messenger! By God, you will find me to be worthless goods." The Prophet replied, "But in God's Sight, you are not worthless goods."






Muhammad was a perfect model of modesty and humbleness. He never spoke loudly or in an unseemly manner. In the market, he always passed by the people quietly with a smile. Whenever he heard anything undesirable in an assembly, he did not say anything out of respect for the people, but the color of his face showed his feelings and the Companions became cautious. `A'ishah said that she never saw Allah's Messenger laughing so immoderately that she could see his molar teeth, for he only used to smile.

Ibn `Umar reported that a man from the Ansar (the Muslims of Madinah) was giving his brother a warning against modesty when the Prophet came along and said, "Leave him alone, modesty is a part of faith."

`Abdullah ibn Maslamah reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "Modesty is a part of the teachings of the previous prophets and anyone who lacks it is most likely to do whatever he likes."

Zayd ibn Talya reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "Every religion has a character and the character of Islam is modesty."

The Prophet lived a simple and modest life, both in Makkah as a trader and the Messenger of Allah, and in Madinah as the head of the state and Messenger of Allah. The change in his social status from that of a trader in Makkah to the head of the state in Madinah did not bring any change in his modest living. `Umar reported the Prophet as saying, "Do not exalt me as the Christians have exalted Jesus son of Mary. I am just His servant, so call me Allah's Servant and Messenger."

The Prophet did not behave towards others as if he was better than them, nor did he spurn manual work. `Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa reported that the Prophet of Allah never disdained to go with a slave or a widow to accomplish her tasks. Others reported that the Prophet used to tidy up his house, tether the camels, feed the animals, take food with his servants, and help them in kneading dough and bringing provisions from the market. Anas reported that the Prophet of Allah used to visit the sick, attend funerals, ride on a donkey and accept a slave's invitation for a meal. Jabir stated that the Prophet used to slow down his pace for the sake of the weak and also prayed for them. 

When `Adiyy ibn Hatim came to see the Prophet, he called him inside his house. A maidservant brought a cushion to rest on, but the Prophet placed it between him and `Adiyy and sat down on the floor. `Adiyy later said that he had then immediately realized that the Prophet was not a king. A similar incident was reported by `Abdullah ibn `Amr ibn al-`As, who said: Once when the Messenger of Allah came to my house, I gave him a cushion filled with bark, but he sat down on the floor placing the cushion between me and him.'

In all things Muhammad was humble. Anas said that the Prophet would accept an invitation even if he was presented barley bread and soup whose taste had changed. He also reported the Prophet as saying, "I am Allah's servant, I eat like a servant and sit like a servant.''


Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) is the best role model for all humankind. Among his outstanding virtues and characteristics, he was an extraordinary husband, a perfect father, and a unique grandfather. He was also a great statesman, judge, and spiritual leader. His most distinctive quality, however, was the fact that he was a blessing to all in both word and deed.


He infused justice, love, and dignity in all those around him. He spread the power of brotherhood to the extent that it became exceptional in human history. Affirming that these grand virtues were bestowed on him by Allah the Almighty and that He prepared His loyal messenger to call for the true religion, is part of one's belief.

The Qur'an describes the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as merciful and kind to the believers. Allah the Almighty says,

{Now hath come unto you a Messenger from amongst yourselves: it grieves him that ye should perish: ardently anxious is he over you: to the Believers is he most kind and merciful.) (At-Tawbah 9:128)

Mercy to Kids:

Anas always greeted children as he passed them, saying that he did so because he had observed the Prophet doing the same thing. ( Bukhari and Muslim)

Ibn `Abbas  said that the Prophet used to hold the first of any seasonal harvest, he used put it on his eyes then on his lips and say “Oh Allah! Like you have made us see its beginning (of the season), allow us to see its end.” Then he would give it to any child sitting around him." (Tabarani)

When his guests brought children with them, the Prophet called them towards him and placed them on his lap. One day an infant urinated on his clothes. He simply poured water over the area but did not wash the clothes (as the infant was only breast-fed). ( Bukhari )

Prophet Muhammad used to set some kids in a row and saying, "I'll give such and such (i.e gift or so) to the one who come to me first." So they used to race and fall on his back and chest. (Ahmad)

Mercy to Women:

Once many women relatives of Prophet Muhammad were sitting around him and talking loudly to him. When Omar came they all left, at which the Prophet laughed. Omar said, "O Allah's Messenger, may Allah keep you smiling. Why did you laugh?", The Prophet remarked that he was amazed at the behavior of those women, who, on hearing Omar's voice, had all hidden themselves from him. Omar, addressing them, said, "You fear me but do not fear Allah's Messenger." They all said, "You are a hot-tempered person in comparison to Allah's Messenger."  (Muslim)

Once the Noble Prophet was sleeping with his face covered in the apartment of Aisha. It was the day of Eid (Muslims' holiday) and young girls were singing. Abu Bakr entered the house and asked the girls to stop. The Prophet said, "Let them sing, it is the day of Eid for them." ( Bukhari )

He said: The most perfect Muslim in the matter of faith is one who has excellent behavior; and the best among you are those who behave best towards their wives. (Tirmidhi)

He said, "Whoever [brings up] two girls till they come of age, will be in the next world along with me, like my two fingers joining each other." (Abu Dawud)

He said, "A believing man should not hate a believing woman; if he dislikes one of her characteristics, he will be pleased with another. (Muslim)

He said, " “I start the prayers, intending to lengthen them. I then hear a child crying so I make them shorter, knowing how emotional a child’s mother gets.” ( Bukhari and Muslim)

Caliph Umar (The second leader after prophet Muhammad) wanted to limit the amount of dowry. Most Muslims agreed with him. but an old poor woman declared her disagreement. Umar didn't mute her. Instead, he heard her opinion which was proofed and then he said, "The lady is right and Umar is wrong."

Mercy to Orphans, Needers, and Widows:

From his mercy is that he never used to disdain from walking along with a widow or with a poor person and fulfill their needs . He used to visit weak and sick Muslims and attend their funerals . He used to treat orphans well and charitably. He used to commend people to sponsor them and treat them with excellence and he also used to announce the consequent virtues of that saying, “I and a patron of an orphanage are as close in Paradise (while waving with the index and middle finger and parting them .” He also said that the best house in Muslim houses is the one with an orphan being treated well in it. ” ( Bukhari and Ibn Majah)

Ibn Omar reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "A Muslim is a Muslim's brother; he does not wrong him. If anyone cares for his brother's need, Allah will take care of his need; if anyone relieves his brother's anxiety, Allah will remove from him one of his anxieties on the Day of Resurrection; and if anyone conceals a Muslim's secrets, Allah will conceal his secrets on the Day of Resurrection."  ( Bukhari and Muslim)

Abu Hurairah reported Allah's Messenger as saying, ‘The best house among the Muslims is one where an orphan is well treated, and the worst house among the Muslims is one where an orphan is badly treated." (Ibn Majah)

Abu Omamah reported Allah's Messenger as saying, "If anyone caresses an orphan by moving his fingers in his hair, doing so only for God's sake, he will have blessings for every hair over which his hand passes and if anyone treats well ail orphan girl or boy under his care, he and I shall be like these two in Paradise," putting two of his fingers together.  (Ahmad)

Abu Hurairah reported Allah's Messenger as saying, He who strives to serve a widow and a poor person is like the one who strives in Allah's way." He also reported that when a man complained to the Messenger of Allah of being hardhearted he said, "Show affection to the orphans and feed the poor." (Hakim)

Mercy to Domestic Workers:

Once a man came to Prophet Muhammad and said, "O Allah's Messenger! How many times should I forgive the mistakes of slaves?" The Noble Prophet kept quiet. The man repeated his question three times, and the Prophet replied at the third time, "Forgive them seventy times every day." A man had two slaves but was not happy with them. He used to beat and abuse them but they did not change their ways. He complained to the Prophet and asked for his advice. Prophet Muhammad said that if his punishment was in proportion to their wrongs, well and good; otherwise Allah would punish him for his excess. On hearing this the man was upset and began crying. Prophet Muhammad recited the verse from the Qur'an, "We shall set up scales of justice on the Day of Resurrection." (1:47) and observed that the man did not read the Qur'an. After this he said, "O Allah's Messenger, it is better that I release them from my possession. Be witness that they are now free."

Mercy to Animals:

Aisha narrated that she once found difficulty in riding a horse, so she kept reining it in repeatedly. The Prophet then said, “You must have gentleness.” (Muslim)

Once the Prophet passed by a camel that was so emaciated its back was one with its abdomen. Upon that, the Prophet said, “Fear Allah with regard to livestock. Ride them in a fitting way and eat them when they are in good condition." (Abu Dawud)

He once entered the garden of man from the Ansar (Muslims of Madinah) and there was a camel. When the Prophet  saw the camel it froze and its eyes started watering. Then the Prophet of Allah came to it and rubbed its ears so it calmed down. Then the Prophet said, “Who is the owner of this camel? Whose camel is this?” A young man from the Ansar told him, ”O Messenger of Allah, it belongs to me.” Then he told him (, “Do you not fear Allah with regard to this beast which Allah has let you own? It complained to me that you starve it and tire it by overworking it and using it beyond its capacity." (Ahmad and Abu Dawud)

He saw some people sitting on animals so he commented, “Keep them safe and sound when riding them and when leaving them, don’t use them as chairs for your side talks in the streets and markets. A ridden animal might be better than its rider and might remember and mention God more than its rider does." (Ahmad and Abu Yali)

Prophet Muhammad once said, “A woman was doomed to enter the Fire because of a cat. She imprisoned it and neither fed it nor set it free to eat the rodents of the earth.” ( Bukhari )

Prophet Muhammad warned against any human being causing a bird to feel panic about its little offspring. Someone took two chicks of a bird, which came in panic searching for its chicks. Prophet Muhammad  then asked, “Who has distressed it by taking its chicks?” Then he asked them to return the chicks. (Abu Dawud)

The Prophet once passed by a burned out anthill. When the Prophet saw it he asked, “Who has burned it?” When he was informed of who had done it, he said, “Only the Lord of Fire has the right to punish with fire." (Abu Dawud)

Prophet Muhammad prohibited the killing of a bird for the sake of pleasure and not for a specific beneficial need, the Prophet  said, “Anyone who would kill a bird, this bird would come on Doomsday and say, “God, this person killed me for pleasure and not for benefit." (An-Nasaai)

He saw a person preparing a lamb, laying it down while he was still sharpening his knife. Prophet Muhammad  then commented, “Do you want to kill it twice? Sharpen your knife before you lay it down.” ( Bukhari and Muslim).

Once Prophet Muhammad saw a donkey on the road with a brand on its face, and said, "Allah's curse is on him who branded it." (Muslim)

By: Sheikh. Rajab Deeb




  • With introduction from




Acquaint ourselves with the prophet of Islam. You cannot, as the popular saying goes, separate the message from the messenger. It is therefore only natural to wish to study the life of Muhammad (pbuh), his manners and his morals, and to see how Islam manifested itself in his person as a living example for all Muslims till the end of time.

Abu Hurairah described him as follows:

"He was of medium build, closer to being tall. His skin was extremely white, his beard was black, his mouth was pleasant, his eyebrows were long, and his shoulders were wide"

Ibne Malik said:

"I never touched silk or any soft fabric equal to the softness of his palm, and I never smelled a scent more pleasing than his."

Hind ibn Abi Hala (the son of Muhammad's wife Kadijah) described Muhammad (pbuh) as follows:

"The Messenger of Allah was of consecutive sorrows, continuous thought, never finding rest, long in silence. He did not speak without cause. He spoke with his full mouth (was not arrogant), and spoke concisely. His speech was just, with neither excess nor deficiency. He was not pompous, nor denigrating. He exalted all blessings no matter how small and never belittled a single one. He would never praise his food nor criticize it. He was never angered by matters of this life nor that which was associated with it. However, if justice was transgressed nothing could stand up to his anger until justice was established. He never became angry for his own self nor sought retribution for himself. If he gestured, he did so with his whole palm. If he was amazed, he overturned it. If he spoke, he struck with his right palm the inside of his left thumb. If he became angry he turned away, and when he was happy he lowered his gaze. The majority of his laughter was [restricted to] smiling."


Ali ibn abi Talib described Muhammad (pbuh) as follows:

"He was not vulgar nor did he condone vulgarity, and he was not one to shout in the market place. He did not reward evil with evil, rather, he would forgive and overlook. He never in his life struck anything with his hand except when he was fighting in the name of Allah. He never struck a servant nor a woman, and I never saw him taking revenge for an injustice dealt him, except if the prohibitions of Allah were transgressed. For if the prohibitions of Allah were transgressed he was among the strongest of them in anger. He was never given a choice between two matters but he chose the simplest of the two. If he entered into his home he was a man like any other; cleaning his own garment, milking his own goat, and serving himself.

He would guard his tongue from that which did not concern him. He would attract them (the people) and not repel them. He would ennoble the noble of the people and charge them with their affairs. He was wary of the people and guarded himself against them but without depriving them a warm smile or fitting conduct. He would inquire after his companions and would ask the people about their affairs. He would encourage that which was good and strengthen it, and he would discourage that which was evil and undermine it. He was balanced and consistent. He would never be neglectful that they would not learn neglect and grow indifferent. He had a provision for every occasion and he never fell short of justice nor exceeded it. The closest people to him were the best among them, and the best among them in his eyes were the most comprehensive in advice. The highest of them in stature with him was the best among them in looking after the people and assisting them. He would not rise nor sit down without praise [to God]. If he visited a gathering he would sit wherever the group ended (and not at their head) and he encouraged the same. He would give all those sitting with him their just due [to the extent that] they would each feel that none was more important to him than them. If someone were to sit with him or come in search of a favor he would be patient with them until they (the guest) would be the one to leave. Whoever came to him with a request was never turned away except with that which they had asked for or with a kind word. His cheerfulness and good manners encompassed them all such that he became a father to them and they all became equal in rights. His gatherings were those of knowledge, humbleness, patience, and integrity. In them there would be no raising of voices nor transgressions of prohibitions. They would not expose one-another's errors, but would be equal, encouraging each-other in the fear of God. In them, they would respect their elders, be merciful to their children, give preference to those in need, and protect the stranger."

He continues: "He was continually smiling, gentle in manners, soft in nature. He was not severe, harsh-hearted, loud, abusive, or miserly. He would disregard that which he disliked, and no one ever despaired of him. He never responded to disparagement or evil words. He forbade upon himself three things: Argument, arrogance, and that which did not concern him. And he relieved the people of three: He would not degrade any among them or abuse them, he would not search after their honor or private matters, and he would not speak except in matters which he hoped to be rewarded for. When he spoke his attendees would lower their heads as if birds had alighted upon them. Once he finished they would speak. They would not vie with one-another in his presence to speak, but when one would talk in his presence the rest would listen until he finished. Speech in his presence was that of the first among them. He would laugh with them, and wonder with them. He had patience with the strangers when they were gruff in speech and requests, to a degree that his companions would fetch them to him. He would say: 'If you see someone in need, fetch him to me.' He would not accept praise except from those who were balanced and not excessive. He would not interject into someone's speech unless they transgressed, in which case he would either rebuke them or else leave.

He was the most generous of heart, truthful of tongue, softest in disposition, and noble in relationship. He who first set eyes upon him feared him, but he who associated with him loved him. Those who described him would say: 'I have never seen before or after him anyone similar to him, peace be upon him' "

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