[And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam; and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky.    Allah, the Almighty, says:     [And whomsoever Allah wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam; and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky.]  (Al-An`am: 125)
The Scientific Fact:
The formation of the atmosphere was unknown until Pascal proved its existence in 1648. He proved that air pressure decreases as we go higher above sea level.
Later on it was discovered that air in the lower layers of the atmosphere is denser. About 50 % of the air mass is located between the surface of the earth and 20,000 feet above sea level, and 90% is located between the surface of the earth and 50,000 feet above sea level.

 

Therefore, density decreases vertically until air reaches its utmost rarefaction (minimum pressure) in the higher layers of the atmosphere before it completely vanishes in outer space.

When a human being goes higher than ten thousand (10,000) feet above sea level, it does not cause him any serious problem, as the respiratory system can handle the height of 10,000 to 25,000 feet above sea level; however, if a person goes into outer space, the amount of pressure and oxygen decrease causing the closing of the chest and dyspnea (shortness of breath). Then, the breathing process becomes difficult because of the lack of oxygen (oxygen starvation) and the respiratory system completely fails, causing death.
Facets of Scientific Inimitability:
It is well-known that the different layers of the atmosphere were unknown at the time the Ever-Glorious Qur'an was revealed. Consequently, the low pressure and the decrease of oxygen, which is necessary for man's life, in the higher layers, were also unknown. People at that time did not know these facts; on the contrary they believed that whenever man goes higher, he will feel more serenity and happiness and enjoy the breeze.
This honorable verse clearly indicates two facts that have been only discovered lately by modern science: the first one is that dyspnea occurs when a person goes higher in the layers of the atmosphere because of the lack of oxygen and the decrease in air pressure. The second is the state that precedes choking leading to death that occurs when a person goes more than 30,000 feet above sea level. This is caused by the drastic decrease in air pressure and an extreme lack of oxygen.
It is important to note the miraculous nature of the word (climb) that indicates the difficulty of this state and describes the pain and suffering attached to it.
This is a sure indication that these words are truly from the All-Knowing and the All-Aware.

Blessed be He Who has placed in the heaven big stars, and has placed therein a great lamp (sun), and a moon giving light.   Allah, the Almighty, says:    [Blessed be He Who has placed in the heaven big stars, and has placed therein a great lamp (sun), and a moon giving light.]   (Al-Furqan: 61)
And, [And We have made (therein) a shining lamp (sun).]  (An-Naba': 13)


The Scientific Facts:


The energy of the sun (universal atomic pile): The energy of the sun is generated by the burning of hydrogen, which is the main constituent of the sun that transforms it into helium deep within, where there is very high density, pressure, and temperatures reaching 15,000,000°. This leads to a nuclear reaction and fusion of four hydrogen atoms to make one helium atom. The leftover energy from this reaction is released in the form of electromagnetic energy divided into short wave rays, infrared rays, and ultraviolet rays.
This means that the sun obtains its energy from within through natural nuclear reaction under very high pressure, heat, and density as if it is a mega atomic pile made to provide earth with light, warmth, and energy.


The sun is considered a star and is a luminous celestial body, whereas the moon is a planet; a dark celestial body that reflects the light it receives from stars and the sun as do all the other natural satellites of the planets (the moons).

Facts of Scientific Inimitability:
More than fourteen centuries ago, the Ever-Glorious Qur'an indicated the difference between stars and planets exemplified in the difference between the sun and the moon.
Modern astronomers only discovered this fact recently after the telescope was invented and after applying photometric and spectrogram researches on stars and planets.
Stars are luminous celestial bodies whereas planets are dark celestial bodies that reflect the light received from stars and the sun as do all other natural satellites of the planets and (moons).
The sun is a mega atomic pile swimming very fast in space and has many various forms of light, heat, and energy. It is not just a bright disk; rather it is like a shining lamp, whereas the moon is a planet that reflects the light of the sun to lighten the night on earth.
This fact was described in these two honorable verses fourteen centuries ago, then we must ask ourselves, who told Prophet Muhammad r about it but Allah, the Most High!

Modern science informed us that the moon is moving around the Earth in an oval, or elliptical orbit. Also the Earth and the rest of the planets, revolve in oval, or elliptical orbit around the sun.

In the holy Quran this movement is described as follows: (And he is the one who created the night, daylight, sun and the moon, all are swimming in an orbit). (The Profits: 33).

From my point of view, I think God used the names of the sun, moon, night, and daylight as symbols of the four heavenly cosmic creatures:
Night (darkness): nowdays symbolizes dark matter, or what is sometimes called the cosmic fluid, or fabric of ths cosmos. Dark matter did not glow by the passage of light. Daylight: symbolizes the gases of the earth atmosphere, or other gases in the universe that glow by the passage of light, Sun: symbolizes the stars and the sources of energy and cosmic tremendous heat & electromagnetic radiation. Moon: a symbol of the cold rocky objects in the universe.

 

So night, daylight, sun, and moon are only a set of nearby symbols, that are close to us in the universe, and are having masses, energy, radiation…etc.

The idea behind all of this, is that if God is telling us: (All are swimming in an orbit). This means that the natural mechanical movement of every thing in the universe, either it is radiation, dark matter, energy or solid masses, it is swimming, or what we call in physics wavy motion, this agrees with the assumption of the Austrian physicist Erwin Rudolf Schrödinger which suggests that (Every point in the universe has a wave function).

In the first article that I have written on this website, it is found that the wavy orbits of the small celestial objects are accumulating around the wavy orbits of the leader  bigger celestial objects, Fig. 1 is showing clearly that result.

But, as Fig. 1 is based on the principle all are swimming in an orbit, and as the swimming meaning is based on the movement of the sea water waves, are the sea water waves accumulating in such a way, that the smaller ones are moving and accumulating around the bigger ones as we colcluded from Fig. 1?

 

When I reached these results, and that question, and gathered it with the  the description of the heavens, that it has a property of knots (And the heaveness that have the knots) (Adh-Dhariyat: 7), while knots means in our language (Arabic) the wavy ways on tissue, water or sand, I expected to find the combinations of waves from the small over the bigger over the bigger, on the sea water, fig. 2, sand fig. 3., and fig. 4. Actually what I found was the same that I drew for the accumulated wavy orbits of swimming cosmic celestial objects. If I want to draw the maps of tracks of air on tissues, or water,  or sand accumulated waves, it will be the same of that drawn on fig.1.

When I went to the sea, the picture was more clear, the smaller waves are built over the bigger ones, in the same way it moves with it and swim over it, the pictures that I took myself will be more clear than the description. Note in the figures that the small waves have its own small speed, at the same time, it is moving and carried with the bigger ones, at its higher speeds.


Fig. 2.

When I visit the desert in UAE; I got the following beautiful photos, which shows also the wavy mountains of sand carrying wavy hills of sand… or vice versa, sand waves built over each other from the smallest to the biggest, same as the celestial bodies and sea orbits or waves.


Fig. 3.

The children maintain genetic characteristics of their ancestors, in the figure, small waves carried in the hands of parents, the smallest waves insist on maintaining the same elegant family shape.


Fig. 4.

Now we need to remember that the verse further told us: (the night, daylight, sun and the moon, all swimming in an orbit).  That means daylight and night are swimming in an orbit, this can be proven in fig. 5.


 

Daylight and night are symbols of time, here in the photo as the Quran mentioned, they are moving in a wavy motion over the spherical earth, indicating that time is a wave; in my book (New Principles of Space- Time travel) I managed depending on this conclusions, to reach many great results about space-time travel.

Fig. 5 ¹.

Based on this verse which was said before more than 1,400 years, understanding that daylight and night are wavy over the earth, and as these are symbols of time, as an inventor; I tried to invent a clock that show the earth on the screen, while the wavy daylight and night film is passing over it with time, in another way, showing relative to time, which places on the earth have daylight, and which have daynight, but with more researches, I found that the American mechanical Engineer Jim Kilburg invented it and called it Geochron (Fig. 6).

Ronald Reagan gave one clock of it to Mikail Gorbachev. Former U.N. Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali was given one from the indigenous people of the world. The Geochron has even appeared in popular movies such as Hunt for Red OctoberandClear and Present Danger. NASA still uses several to track night and day during orbital space flights.

When the President Ronald Reagan gave Mikail Gorbachev a Geochron he said to him: that this is “an example of American ingenuity.”


 

 

 

Fig. 6

But the president does not know that this clock which gives an example of American ingenuity, is working depending on a scientific principle that was mentioned as part of a verse in the Holy Quran before more than 1400 years.

Furthernore, if the verse indicated that everything is swimming in an orbit, we can see how science draws the orbit of the sun around the center of our galaxy to be wavy as in fig. 7, while fig. 8 shows the wavy shadow of the moon on the earth, fig. 9 shows the wavy track of a meteoroid near the earth, fig. 10 shows an amazing wavy track of a meteoroid in the space, fig. 11 shows the great wavy sand mountains in the Empty Quarter in the Arabic Semi-Island, while Fig. 10 shows how the tracks or orbits of the sun, moon.. are drawn in the most famous astronmical scientific magazine (Astronomy), it is clearly proving that the orbits of the celestial bodies which are all moving relative to each other is wavy, but until now I couldnot reach an explaination why it is wavy, at the same time nobody drew the accumulated wavy orbits, these questions I expect I explained its answers in these two articles, while other related questions such as: How gravity works with wavy orbits? What is the relation between accumulated wavy orbits and higher dimensions?... and many others I tried to explain in my books (Universe Revealed More- Continueing Einsteins Revolution) and (New Principles of Space-Time travel).


 

 

Fig. 7 ².


 

Fig. 8 ³.


 

 

 

Russell Schweickart / B612 Foundation

Fig. 9 .


 

Figure showing a meteoroid track in space, though 21 days.

Fig. 10 .


 

Fig. 11 ⁽⁶⁾.


 

 

 

Fig. 12.

 

The monthly track (orbit, passage) of the sun and the moon through the celestial sphere which is published in the most famous astronomical magazine (ASTRONOMY)  is clearly wavy, furthermore it is clear that the moon wavy orbit is crossing the orbit of the sun, and waving around it, if we imagine a vedio movements of the tracks or orbits of the solar system members, through the space, for sure the picture will be for celestial bodies where all are swimming in an orbit.

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Written by: Eng. Wasfi Amin Alshdaifat (Author, Inventor)

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


 

(1): Reference: http://www.onemansblog.com/.../2007/01/DaylightMap.jpg

(2): Reference: http://www.kaheel7.com

(3): Reference: http://www.exploratorium.edu/eclipse/2006/

(4): Reference: www.msnbc.msn.com/id/12859900

(5): Reference: Hubble, The mirror of the universe, Robbin Kerrod, David and Charles. Oliver Salzman

(6): Reference: http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=22.151928,54.076524andz..

 
- Title:The Moon's Orbit Around the Sun
 

 

The discovery of the expansion of the universe achieved by the astronomer Edwin Hubble at 1929, was based on the red shift of the faraway galaxies, red shift occurs when an object is receding far away from an observer, and so the object´s light wave left behind it get elongated, light waves when elongated are shifted to red Fig.1. When Hubble discovered that the light received from the galaxies located farther away from the Earth, is more red shifted, that means the farther galaxies receding speeds from the Earth are higher than the nearby ones, which means that as the farthest galaxies are speeding up¹, the whole universe containing them is receding from us, or by another way, it is expanding, but what is the relation between this and the age of the universe?

Fig. 1 ²

 

 

 

 

As we know that the light speed is constant, and the light speed is equal to the distance divided by time, this means estimating the distance of certain stars (Cephids variable stars) with knowing the speed of light, will estimate for us the time these stars took to recede from the Earth. When applying this idea on the whole universe that is also considered to be receding from a singularity point, with using extra equations, and the farthest seen galaxies, the age of the universe was calculated.

 

In addition, the farther these galaxies seemed to be, the greater the red shift, and thus the faster they seemed to be speeding away. This was the first direct evidence that the universe is not static but expanding. By calculating when all of the objects must have started speeding out from the same point yielded the first estimate of the age of the Universe.

 

According to science, the age of the universe is 13.75 ± 0.11 billion. This is however only the estimated time since the Big Bang. It is not known if something existed before the singularity that we call Big Bang, nor if time is linear, since the expansion estimated by Hubble's law assumed a linear expansion. Furthermore, as per scientists, calculating the age of the universe is only accurate if the assumptions built into the models being used to estimate it are also accurate, considering that:

 

"Based on the fact they have assumed the underlying model they used is correct"

 

 

However, the Big Bang model according to which these calculations were done is banged hardly nowadays by many scientists; Briane Greene is one of them. From my point of view as a mechanical engineer, the Big Bang cannot create a universe, neither any body can imagine that, the Big Bang should be considered as a moment that either set the universe to expand by itself, or pushed its constituents to expand, no more than that, this means their should be some other shape of the universe at the Bang time, am I right or am I wrong to consider it has a shape, can be further supported by the following discussion.

 

For a mechanical engineer, not like a physicist, the look to the universe is different, what we see in the universe are products, a product to be produced need a tool to make it, the tool model should have two basic requirements: a- Geometrical shape. B- Type of energetic movement. These are required to imprint its geometry on the product and to give it part of its motive energy to move it in a systematic meaningful guided way. The Big Bang only cause expansion and temperature decrease, but it destroys instead of creating a meaningful products shapes, the term gravity is inserted in-between the universe constituents as an additive that prevents the side effects of the Big Bang, but if we know that since the most amazing discovery ³ at 1998 that the universe is accelerating in its expansion, nobody can persuade a scientist or a child that the gravity has held the universe constituents since a long time when the effect of the Big Bang expansion was great, while the gravity now became weak when the effect of the Big Bang decayed, neither can anybody explain how after the Big Bang by billions of years the universe started to accelerate its expansion, because any natural or manmade explosion in the nature after an accelerating expansion by a short period, and slowing down, can start again to accelerate it after a long period.

 

Also, the Big Bang constituents (celestial bodies, dark matter) after the Bang’s power expanding effect decays should leave these in a natural fall, which we can not see today. So every point of thinking supports that a geometrical model should be standing behind the natural phenomena that we are discovering and seeing, that geometrical model should not only explain what we have discovered or seen, it should reveal what we do not know.

 

As the expansion of the universe is supporting the idea if we go by time backwards the universe should be smaller, and as the expansion of the universe supports the thermodynamic principle of temperature decrease (as size increase, temperature increase), which also is discovered to be applicable in the universe case, that means our assumed model should be naturally expanding, but as the 1998 discovery demands an acceleration in the expansion, our model should be also naturally accelerating in its expansion.

 

But what about the universe constituents? How can it be distributed normally all around inside the universe without falling down naturally?

 

If we search around us for a type of movement that can distribute a system constituents inside a 3D model naturally without falling down, we will find that it is by rotating the constituents, as in the hurricane, or sugar rotated inside a glass.

 

Now we added another requirement to our model, in addition to expansion, it iss rotating, if we try to draw a sketch for a 2D model, rotating and expanding, the shape will be a spiral, if we try to draw a 3D shape for it, it will be much like a scroll (nearly folded paper).

 

So, the assumed geometrical shape of the universe should be a spiral scroll, an expanding scroll. A quick direct fingerprint of a universe having this shape are the spiral galaxies, a quick look at an expanding scroll can show clearly it is accelerating in its expansion when set to move freely from a folded state, while it is distributing any constituents inside it upside down without falling, and with keeping it moving as every celestial object is moving in the universe.

 

Before calculating such universe actual age, we need to remember that light is the main tool to carry out that, but we need to remember also that the movement of this universe is not straight linear as that resulting from the Big Bang, it is Spiral Logarithmic.

 

But light in a non straight space (space-time) does not move straight, according to the results of Sir Arthur Eddington expedition, which carried out interpretations of the general relativity, light which is normally expected to be a beam following a straight line, is found to follow a curved path while passing a high gravity curved field (Fig. 2). While it is well-known that light passes in-between two different density mediums e.g.: from air to water, it suffers from deviation, while if we let it to pass through multi different increasing density mediums, it will suffer from a great deviation that will appear from far away to be curved. Also it is proved that the light passing from behind the galaxies towards us will be divided all around the galaxy's curved space, where it finally appears in our telescopes as a lens of light (Fig. 3).

 

Further phenomenon of light track suffering from bending, can be seen by the deflection of light (sent out from the location shown in blue (Fig. 4) near a compact body (shown in gray) Closely related to light deflection is the gravitational time delay (or Shapiro effect), the phenomenon that light signals take longer to move through a gravitational field than they would in the absence of that field. There have been numerous successful tests of this prediction.In the parameterized post-Newtonian formalism (PPN), measurements of both the deflection of light and the gravitational time delay determine a parameter called γ, which encodes the influence of gravity on the geometry of space.^ Will 1993, sec. 7.1 and 7.2

 

Fig. 2

 

Fig. 3

Fig. 4 ⁽⁶⁾

 

 

 

 

So the light can bend, curve, delay while moving through the universe depending on the shape and strength of what is called gravitational field while passing through or nearby it were a high curvature of space-time is caused by huge masses concentration.

 

This means that the path of light is curving in space, when the density of the fabric of the cosmos (space-time) is changing, so we can further suppose if we twist the fabric of the cosmos in the space in away, that the density of this fabric is increasing gradually, from point to point, along the twisted space, the path of light will be twisted.

 

Now, what about the effect of a whole curved spiral universe on a beam of light moving from the borders of the universe towards our Earth?

 

If the heavens are rolled like a scroll, and expanding in a spiral track, this will lead us to assume that the light track will be twisted in the shape of a spiral through great astronomical distances, this means that the age of universe that we are measuring, may be different from the actual age, how?

As the light will move in a spiral way not straight linear track, from the point it appeared after the Big Bang happened, or the first stars light appearing until it reached us, this means that the light will follow a longer path from the point it left, to the point it reached. But how can we know how much is the pitch of the spiral way that light will follow, so that we can measure its distance length?

If we take a paper, and check which type of spiral shape it follows when it expands, we will find that any point on the paper scroll path, will increase its distance, and speed logarithmically, while moving away from the centre, this type of spiral path, is called a logarithmic spiral. For example, in Fig. 5, if we move from the centre (A) to point (C) in a straight line, we will pass 9 units of distance, while if we take the spiral way, we will pass around 27 units of distance, also we can see for each cycle of the spiral track, we moved away from the centre, we move 3 times the straight distance that we moved in the cycle prior to it, meaning for each cycle, we get logarithmically farther a way from the centre, the steps will not be equal, but will be increasing, because the acceleration of the expansion of the logarithmic spiral is increasing.

 

Fig. 5 ⁽⁷⁾  This natural logarithmic spiral track, has a pitch equals 10, which is nearly the same as the spiral arm shape of the Milky Way, also same as the logarithmic spiral track of a paper accelerating in its expansion,

All the nature creatures, which follow a spiral track, are following a logarithmic spiral track, but in the universe case we do not know the pitch of the heavens scroll logarithmic spiral path, but if we consider that this spiral path has an effect and leaving a finger print on the spiral galaxies, we can take our galaxy first as an example. As we know our galaxy is assumed to have a spiral pitch nearly equal 12.

In Fig. 4, the pitch of the logarithmic spiral is 10, which is near the value of our galaxy pitch, if we supposed their is a light source at point (A) and we were observing it from point (C) we will see it crossing nine units of distance, if it follows a straight line, but if this light followed a curved path through the fabric of the cosmos in the whole universe in a spiral track as it should do, like the one shown in the Fig. 5, this light will cross 27 units of distance until reaching the Earth, so it will take 3 times the time that it will take, if it comes to us through the straight track, in another way, the time the light need to reach point C is delayed, and so it will measure a higher age.

This means for the same spiral shape in Fig. 5, if the straight distance between points (A) and (C) equals (4.567) units (where each unit equals 1 billion years), the length of the spiral track between points (A) and (C) will be 3 times of the (4.567) distance, which will equal (13.701) units, or 13.701 billion years which is  the age of our universe, while the first number is the age of the oldest known solid constituents within meteorites that are formed within the solar system with an age nearly equal that of the Earth, the 13.701 billion years measured if divided by the scientific measured age of the universe, the result = 99.64 %.

Did our light follow such a spiral path, that it reached us delayed 3 times the actual time that it would take to reach us, if it went in a straight line between us and the universe first radiated light and hence it is measuring three times the actual age of the universe? With the assumed conclusion like that, is the age of the universe really equals that of the Earth?

But if the age of the Earth is equal to the age of the universe, from were did the Earth come, as it is assumed to be created from the Sun that is assumed to be created after the universe creation by nine billion years?

At this point it need to be noted that the Earth creation from the Sun is a scientific assumption, which can be falsified by knowing that the vast number of the Earth’s elements are not available in the sun, furthermore the Sun is not rocky, not cold, no water, no life. Do not this means that the Earth has a special way of creation that can support life through infinite number of physical, biological, chemical... systems supported by life which still can not be created by all the humanity even in one cell.

But how can I support these results with other proofs?

The only one who know if the universe that is enveloped by the heavens has a shape of a scroll is only the one who created it, the only one who claimed that he created it is God (Allah) who claimed that through the books he sent down to his profits (Moses: Torah (Old Testament), Jesus: Bible, Mohammed: The Quran), so what did God mention about the heavens in his books?

In the Old Testament, we read the following:

Isaiah 34:4All the stars of the heavens will be dissolved and the sky rolled up like a scroll;

New American Standard Bible(©1995):And the sky will be rolled up like a scroll;

 

The phrases here indicates clearly that the end shape of the heavens or sky is like a scroll, but what is its shape of it at the beginning, if it is like a scroll, this means in-between the start and the ends its shape is a spiral logarithmic folded paper, but where can we get the answer and the proof?

Before more than 1400 years God also sent down the Quran to Mohammed who was not reading or writing, in the Quran we find the following:

(The Day when We will fold the heaven like the folding of a [written] sheet for the records. As We began the first creation, We will repeat it. [That is] a promise binding upon Us. Indeed, We will do it) (Surat Al-'Anbyā': 104)

It is clear here that the Quran is adding that at the beginning of creation of the heaven its shape was like a folded sheet (a scroll), the verse further shows that the heaven will be folded back, which means the heaven will finish its expansion like an expanded scroll, which agree with what was mentioned in the Old Testament.

These proofs further agree with the greatest unexplained amazing scientific discovery, which is the accelerating expansion of the universe, which turned over most of our prior theories and models of the universe, were a scroll when released to expand, it will accelerate in its expansion.

But, to say the universe shape is like a scroll, implements that the actual age of the universe is shorter than the calculated cosmological one (13.72 billion years), it may be short until its equal the age of the Earth, but is the heavenly holy books are supporting that, that is to say the age of the heaven and the Earth are nearly equal    4.5 - 4.7 billion years?

Actually the Bible and Quran both agreed about the creation sequence, where the Bible mentioned the following:

«The sun, moon, and stars were created only after" the earth "below was created. » (Gen. 1:9-18).

While in the Quran:

(It is He who created for you all of that which is in the earth. Then He directed Himself to the heaven, [His being above all creation], and made them seven heavens, and He is knowing of all things) (Surat Al Baqarah: 29)

 

So, the model proposed here for the shape of the universe, supports the discoveries related to the universe’s a- accelerated expansion b- temperature decrease c- the symmetry of celestial bodies distribution d- their movements through the universe e- reshaping of the celestial bodies f- the driving power (dark energy) of the universe expansion which is the stored energy in the originally folded scroll.

It further supports what is mentioned in the holy books about the age of the heavens which is nearly equal to that of the Earth, it also supports the verse mentioned in the Quran about the heavens expansion which is the greatest scientific discovery in the history, but simply which is mentioned before that discovery by 13 centuries in the Holy Quran where the Quran mentioned:

(And the heaven We constructed with strength, and indeed, We are its expander) (Adh-Dhāriyāt: 47)

But for those who did not believe in God, I remind them by a further Quranic verse that is drawing a figure of the heavens end shape:

(They have not appraised Allah (God) with true appraisal, while the earth entirely will be [within] His grip on the Day of Resurrection, and the heavens will be folded in His right hand. Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him) (Surat Az-Zumar: 67)

The reader can evaluate the article using the indicator at the top of the article.

 

Written by: Eng. Wasfi Amin Alshdaifat (Author, Inventor).

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


 

 

References

1- A relation between distance and radial velocity among extra-galactic nebulae, Edwin Hubble, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1929 March 15; 15(3): 168–173.

2- http://www.cyberphysics.co.uk/topics/space/redshift.htm

3- Observational evidence from supernovae for an accelerating universe and a cosmological constant, Adam G. Riess et al. 1998 The Astronomical Journal 116 1009 doi: 10.1086/300499.

4- http://www.physicsoftheuniverse.com.

5- http://www.icarusinterstellar.org.

6- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Light_deflection.png.

7- http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/image:logarithmic_spiral.svg

8- Unified Spiral Nature of the Quantum & Relativistic Universe, Vladimir B. Ginzburg, 2002.

9- Unified Spiral Field and Matter - A Story of a Great Discovery, Vladimir B. Ginzburg, 1999.

10-Spiral Grain of the Universe: In Search of the Archimedes File, Vladimir B. Ginzburg, 1996.

11-Universe Revealed More- Continuing Einstein׳s Revolution. Eng. Wasfi Amin Alshdaifat, 2008.

Modern science informed us that the moon is moving around the Earth in an oval, or elliptical orbit. Also the Earth and the rest of the planets, revolve in oval, or elliptical orbit around the sun.

In the holy Quran this movement is described as follows: (And he is the one who created the night, daylight, sun and the moon, all swimming in an orbit). (Quran, The Prophets: 33).

From my point of view, I think God used the names of the sun, moon, night, and daylight as symbols of the four heavenly cosmic creatures,
Night (darkness): nowdays symbolizes dark matter, or what is sometimes called the cosmic fluid, or fabric of cosmos. Dark matter did not glow by the passage of light. Daylight: symbolizes the gases of the earth atmosphere, or other gases in the universe that glow by the passage of light, Sun: symbolizes the stars and the sources of energy and cosmic tremendous heat radiation. Moon: a symbol of the cold rocky objects in the universe.

So night, daylight, sun, and moon are only a set of nearby symbols, that are close to us in the universe, and are having masses, energy, radiation…etc.

The idea behind all of this, is that if God is telling us: (All swimming in an orbit). This means that the natural mechanical movement of every thing in the universe, either it is radiation, dark matter, energy or solid masses, it is swimming, or what we call in physics wavy motion.

What can be understood from swimming (the wavy motion)? throughout many verses in the Quran, and through the Arabic language uses of the word, it is meant by swimming: the moving waves, or moving on the moving waves, is absolutely different from the word floating.

So how come the space objects are moving in oval or elliptical orbits, while God telling us it is moving in a wavy way inside its orbits?

In figure (1) When an object is floating on the surface of a wave, it will appear moving up and down following a circular or oval path, But if this object moves up and down and, at the same time it follows the track of the wave, by moving forward with it, it will appear swimming for an outer observer, but still appear moving in a circular or oval path for an observer located in or on that object.

 

 

Also we know from mathematics, if any rotating object needs to keep rotating around its center of rotation, after that center of rotation moved from its place, it must follow a wavy track around it.

Science today has proved that all cosmic objects are moving from its places, due to the expansion of the universe, this means that no object will return to its old place, so since circular or oval path can result only if an object returned to its old starting point, after rotating around another object, this means that no object in the universe is rotating in oval or circular orbit.

So from all of the above, we can reach a result: everything in the universe, to keep its local oval or circular track around another moving object, it must follow a wavy track.

But maybe somebody will ask: how the moon appeared to us moving around the earth in an oval path, while you are saying, it is a wavy orbit?

At first, imagine you were sitting inside a car. in a center of a roundabout, a car came from behind, and moved towards your right, then front of you, then to your left and back to behind. There is no doubt that you will see the vehicle moving around you in a circular path as in figure 2.

 

 


Now imagine that you were sitting inside a car, moving smoothly out of the center of the roundabout without your feeling. A car came from behind you figure 3, increased its speed, and passed you from right, then turned to left to be in front of you, then went more to the left to be in your front left side, after that this car reduced its speed, so you started passing it, and it became at your left, then at your rear left, at that moment the driver of that car took to the right, and become behind you, if you were watching that vehicle from inside your car, and somebody asked you describe the path of that vehicle around you, you will tell it came from behind me to right, front, left and behind, so you will describe the path, the same when you described while your vehicle was stationary in the center of the round about, the result is that you are drawing a circular path of that vehicle.

But there is one observer watching from a distance, over your silver car, and over the other yellow car. This observer is drawing a different path than the one you have drawn, he is drawing a wavy path for the yellow vehicle around you, he devised that movement of that vehicle around you in stages: Stage 1: Yellow car behind you, and increases its speed to pass you from behind to right. Stage 2: Yellow car at your right. Stage 3: yellow car passed from right to front of you towards your front left, Stage 4: Yellow car decreased its speed and you passed it, so it become at your left. Stage 5: Your speed is still higher, so the yellow car became at your rear left, later its driver took to the right and became behind you.


The moon is moving in the same way around the earth figure 4, when its behind the earth its speed is the lowest, it is 0.968 km/s, then this speed increases while the moon is passing the earth from the right until it reach max. value (1.022 km/s) at the moment when the moon is in front of the earth, then it begin to decrease while the moon is at the left, the reason why the earth passes it, until the moon become behind the earth again where its speed is the lowest. This will be further explained in the gravity chapter.

 

 

 

 

The increase and decrease in the speed of the moon, related to the average 30 km/s speed of the earth, where the speed of the moon is added to it while it is at the right side of the earth, and substracted from it while it is at the left, this moon speed increase and decrease, is the same to what is happening with a swimmer, when he pulls on his hands on the water, he gets more speed, and his body raises up, when he interchange between his hands, his speed decreases, and his body goes down, completing a wavy motion, the wave of water itself is doing the same, when its speed increases, it raises up, when its speed decreases it goes down and so on, drawing a wavy track.

Also as the earth speed fluctuates around its average value (29.783 km/s) the sun is moving at a speed of nearly 220 km/s, the increase of the speed of the earth makes it passes the sun, the decrease of its speed makes the sun passes the earth, that is while the earth is moving around the sun, figure. 5.

Note that the earth has two main movements and speeds, one with the sun, its speed equals to the speed of the sun (220 km/s), where the earth here moves with the sun inside the curved space-time of the galaxy, and around its center, while the other movement of the earth has a speed average (29.783 km/s), this speed makes the earth capable of moving inside the local curved space-time around the sun, in a local elliptical path, but when drawing the orbit of the earth according to both movements at the same time, and considering that the earth local speed fluctuates to make it one time passes the sun, while the sun passes it again periodically, the actual orbit will be wavy, this will be discussed and explained in more details in the gravity chapter.

 

 

 

In the following figure 6, I drew the wavy path of the moon around the earth, while the earth is orbiting in a wavy way around the sun.

 

 

 

Here it can be seen, that both earth and moon, are swimming in the sun orbit, also our galaxy is moving with a local group of galaxies at a speed of 2 million km/h or 555 km/second. As the sun swims at an increasing and decreasing speed of average 220 km/s, around the moving center of our galaxy, it will swim one wavy motion every 250 million years; this means our sun has done around 20 wavy motions since its creation. Figure 7 shows how the sun is moving in a wavy track, around the moving center of our galaxy, noting that, this model and all the models I have drawn are not to scale, if it is difficult to draw these to scale in a big area, other bigger orbits will be impossible to be drawn to scale, even on the whole surface of the earth.

 

 

 

 

 

This figure 8 shows in the upper side, the earth waving in its orbit with the moon, both around the sun, and the sun with the earth and moon, waving inside one orbit around the moving center of the Milky Way galaxy.

 

While figure 9 shows a sketch of the wavy orbits of the moon around the earth’s wavy orbit, also showing both earth and moon wavy orbits around the sun’s wavy orbit, while all moon, earth and sun orbits are waving in one orbit, around the center of the milky way galaxy....

 

When I reached the result: small celestial bodies swim inside bigger orbits of bigger celestial bodies and so on, I was capable of drawing the orbits of the moon in that of the earth, the sun, the milky way galaxy, the local group of galaxies, the galactic clusters, super galactic cluster, and the great wall. Figure 10, is showing these orbits, where we can see that the tracks or orbits in our universe are wavy, this is why we can read in another verse in the Quran, (I swirl by the heaven which own a fabric (texture or knots) property) (Al-Tharieat: 7), knots in Arabic means the wavy curved shapes, that appear on the water, sand, wheat, or fabrics. Also, prophet Mohammad was asked one day: (What is this heavens? He answered: it is waves, but hidden from you or (separated from you)), nowdays we are describing the space in scientific language, that it is having a property of: texture, fabric, gravity waves...etc.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When I reached these results, and understood from the description of the heavens, that it has a property of knots, while knots means in our language (Arabic) the wavy ways on tissue, water or sand, I expected to find the combinations of waves from the small over the bigger over the bigger, on the tissues, figure 11, water, figure. 12, and sand figure 13. Actually what I found was the same that I drew for the wavy accumulated orbits of swimming cosmic objects. If I want to draw the maps of tracks of air on tissues, or water,  or sand accumulated waves, it will be the same of that drawn on fig. 10.

 

 

 

This figure shows that the air imprints on the flag waves, that moves the tissue in a wavy way, at the same time we can see small waves over the bigger ones.

 

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